Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (2024)

Home » Math Vocabulary » Angles in a Quadrilateral – Definition, Properties, Examples, Facts

  • What Are Angles in a Quadrilateral?
  • Interior Angles and Exterior Angles of a Quadrilateral
  • How to Find the Missing Angle in a Quadrilateral
  • Solved Examples on Angles in a Quadrilateral
  • Practice Problems on Angles in a Quadrilateral
  • Frequently Asked Questions on Angles in a Quadrilateral

What Are Angles in a Quadrilateral?

Angles in a quadrilateral are the four angles formed at each vertex. These angles are called interior angles of a quadrilateral.

If you draw a diagonal, you can see that a quadrilateral gets divided into two triangles. We know the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180°. It follows that the sum of angles in a quadrilateral is 360°.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (1)

A quadrilateral is defined as a two-dimensional shape with four sides, four vertices, and four interior angles. A quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon shape formed by four non-collinear points.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (2)

In the figure given above, ABCD is a quadrilateral.

AB, BC, CD, and DA are four sides of the quadrilateral.

A, B, C, and D are four vertices.

$\angle A, \angle B, \angle C$, and $\angle D$ are the four interior angles of this quadrilateral.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (3)Begin here

Angles

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Classify Quadrilaterals in Different Orientation Game

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2d Shapes

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Identify triangles

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Draw Angles Nearest 5 and 1 Degrees Game

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Identify Quadrilaterals

Find Right Angles Game

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Perimeter of Shapes

Find the Perimeter of the Quadrilaterals Game

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Interior Angles and Exterior Angles of a Quadrilateral

There are 4 interior angles and 4 exterior angles in a quadrilateral.

Let’s understand the difference between the interior and exterior angles of a quadrilateral.

Interior Angles of a Quadrilateral

The sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is $360^{\circ}$. If there is one missing angle, we can use this property to find the measure of the missing angle.

Exterior Angles of a Quadrilateral

An exterior angle is formed by the intersection of any of the sides of a polygon and extension of the adjacent side. The sum of all the exterior angles of a quadrilateral is $360^{\circ}$.

Take a look at the quadrilateral ABCD. Angles 1, 2, 3, and 4 are the exterior angles. Angles A, B, C, and D are interior angles.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (14)

$\text{Interior Angle} + \text{Corresponding Exterior Angle} = 180^{\circ}$

$\angle A + \angle 1 = 180^{\circ}$

$\angle B + \angle 2 = 180^{\circ}$

$\angle C + \angle 3 = 180^{\circ}$

$\angle D + \angle 4 = 180^{\circ}$

Related Worksheets

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Angles of a Quadrilateral Formulas

Let’s take a look at some basic formulas related to the interior and exterior angles of a quadrilateral.

Interior Angles Sum Property

The sum of interior angles of a polygon $= Sum = (n \;-\; 2) \times 180^{\circ}$

where “n” is the number of sides of the given polygon.

In a quadrilateral, $n = 4$.

Sum of interior angles of a quadrilateral $= (4 \;−\; 2) 180^{\circ}$

Sum of interior angles of a quadrilateral $= 360^{\circ}$

Note: If 3 angles of a quadrilateral are known, then the 4th angle can be calculated using the formula: $360^{\circ} \;-\;$ (Sum of the other 3 interior angles).

Interior angle and corresponding exterior angle

The sum of an interior angle and its corresponding exterior angle is always 180.

  • Exterior angle $= 180^{\circ} \;-\;$ Corresponding Interior angle
  • Interior angle $= 180^{\circ} \;-\;$ Corresponding Exterior angle

Exterior Angles Sum of a Quadrilateral

The sum of exterior angles of a quadrilateral is $360^{\circ}$.

Let angles W, X, Y, Z be the exterior angles corresponding to the interior angles A, B, C, D of a quadrilateral respectively.

Thus, $W + X + Y + Z = (180^{\circ} \;-\; A) + (180^{\circ} \;-\; B) + (180^{\circ} \;-\; C) + (180^{\circ} \;-\; D)$

$W + X + Y + Z = (180^{\circ} + 180^{\circ} + 180^{\circ} + 180^{\circ}) \;-\; (A + B + C + D)$

$W + X + Y + Z = (180^{\circ} + 180^{\circ} + 180^{\circ} + 180^{\circ}) \;-\; 360^{\circ}$

(…interior angles of a quadrilateral add up to $360^{\circ}$.)

$W + X + Y + Z = 360^{\circ}$

Thus, sum of exterior angles of a quadrilateral $= 360^{\circ}$

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (18)

How to Find the Missing Angle in a Quadrilateral

Step 1: Use angle properties to determine interior angles.

Step 2: Add all known interior angles.

Step 3: Subtract the angle sum from $360^{\circ}$.

Example: Find the missing angle in the quadrilateral given below.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (19)

We know that the sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is $360^{\circ}$.

Adding the given 3 angles, we get

$100^{\circ} + 95^{\circ} + 60^{\circ} = 255^{\circ}$

Subtracting the sum from $360^{\circ}$, we get

$360^{\circ} \;-\; 255^{\circ} = x$

Thus, $x = 105$

Properties of Angles in a Quadrilateral

Let us look at the angle properties of a few common quadrilaterals.

Rectangle

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (20)
  • All interior angles measure $90^{\circ}$.
  • Diagonals bisect each other and form four angles at the point of intersection, two acute angles and two obtuse angles.
  • The diagonals do not bisect the angles at vertices.
  • Vertically opposite angles at the intersection of the diagonals.

Parallelogram

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (21)
  • Opposite angles are equal.
  • Adjacent angles or consecutive angles are supplementary.
  • Vertically opposite angles are formed at the intersection of the diagonals.

Square

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (22)
  • All interior angles are congruent and measure $90^{\circ}$.
  • Diagonals bisect each other at right angles.

Rhombus

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (23)
  • Opposite angles are the equal.
  • Adjacent angles are supplementary.
  • Diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.
  • Diagonals of a rhombus bisect vertex angles.

Quadrilateral Family

Take a look at the different types of quadrilaterals shown below. You can make an anchor chart to explore different properties of angles and sides in each of the given quadrilaterals & their types. Try it out!

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (24)

Angles of a Quadrilateral Inscribed in a Circle

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (25)

When a quadrilateral is inscribed in a circle, it is known as a cyclic quadrilateral or a chordal quadrilateral. It is a quadrilateral that has all its four vertices lying on the circumference of a circle. In a cyclic quadrilateral, the four sides of the quadrilateral form the chords of the circle.

The sum of opposite angles in a cyclic quadrilateral is $180^{\circ}$. In other words, opposite angles in a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (26)

Facts about Angles in a Quadrilateral

  • Angles in a quadrilateral add up to $360^{\circ}$.
  • Any quadrilateral with four right angles is a rectangle.
  • A quadrilateral with four right angles and four equal sides is a square.

Conclusion

In this article, we learned about the angles of a quadrilateral, its properties, interior and exterior angles, angles of a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle and some important formulas. Let us apply those formulas to solve some examples!

Solved Examples on Angles in a Quadrilateral

1. The angles of a quadrilateral are in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3 : 4. Find the measure of each angle.

Solution:

The given angle ratio is 1 : 2 : 3 : 4.

Let the measures of the four angles be $x,\; 2x,\; 3x$, and $4x$.

The sum of interior angles of a quadrilateral is $360^{\circ}$.

$x + 2x + 3x + 4x = 360^{\circ}$

$10 x = 360^{\circ}$

$x = 36^{\circ}$

Thus, the measure of four angles are:

$x = 36^{\circ}$

$2x = 2(36^{\circ}) = 72^{\circ}$

$3x = 3(36^{\circ}) = 108^{\circ}$

$4x = 4(36^{\circ}) = 144^{\circ}$

Therefore, the angles of a quadrilateral are $36^{\circ},\;72^{\circ},\; 108^{\circ}$ and $144^{\circ}$.

2. Find the exterior angle of a quadrilateral whose corresponding interior angle is $60^{\circ}$.

Solution:

We know that the interior and exterior angles of a quadrilateral form a linear pair.

Thus, using the formula for the exterior angle of a quadrilateral,

Exterior angle $= 180^{\circ}\;-\;$ Interior angle

Exterior angle $= 180^{\circ} \;-\; 60^{\circ}$

$= 120^{\circ}$

The exterior angle of the quadrilateral is $120^{\circ}$.

3. Find the corresponding interior angle of a quadrilateral if its exterior angle is $104^{\circ}$.

Solution:

We know that the interior angle and the corresponding exterior angle of a quadrilateral form a linear pair.

Thus, using the formula for the exterior angle of a quadrilateral.

Exterior angle $= 180^{\circ} \;-\;$ Interior angle

Interior angle $= 180^{\circ} \;-\;$ Exterior angle

Interior angle $= 180^{\circ} \;-\; 104$

Interior angle $= 76^{\circ}$

The corresponding interior angle of the quadrilateral is $76^{\circ}$.

4. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral with center O. Find x.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (27)

Solution:

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral.

Opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral sum up to 180.

Thus, $\angle D + x = 180^{\circ}$

$67^{\circ} + x = 180^{\circ}$

$x = 180^{\circ} \;-\; 67^{\circ}$

$x = 113^{\circ}$

Practice Problems on Angles in a Quadrilateral

1

Which of the following is not a quadrilateral?

Parallelogram

Square

Triangle

Rhombus

CorrectIncorrect

Correct answer is: Triangle
A triangle is not a quadrilateral as it has only three sides.

2

What is the sum of interior angles of a quadrilateral?

$180^{\circ}$

$160^{\circ}$

$90^{\circ}$

$270^{\circ}$

CorrectIncorrect

Correct answer is: $160^{\circ}$
The interior angles of a quadrilateral always sum up to $360^{\circ}$.

3

Exterior angle and the corresponding interior angle of a quadrilateral add up to _______ angle.

$180^{\circ}$

$360^{\circ}$

$90^{\circ}$

$270^{\circ}$

CorrectIncorrect

Correct answer is: $180^{\circ}$
Exterior angle and the corresponding interior angle of a quadrilateral form a $180^{\circ}$ angle.

4

If an interior angle of a quadrilateral is 70, then its corresponding exterior angle will be _______.

$100^{\circ}$

$20^{\circ}$

$110^{\circ}$

$290^{\circ}$

CorrectIncorrect

Correct answer is: $110^{\circ}$
If an interior angle of a quadrilateral is 70, then its corresponding exterior angle will be, $180^{\circ} \;-\; 70^{\circ} = 110^{\circ}$.

5

The sum of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is _______.

$90^{\circ}$

$180^{\circ}$

$270^{\circ}$

$360^{\circ}$

CorrectIncorrect

Correct answer is: $180^{\circ}$
The opposite angles in a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary. The sum of the opposite angles is equal to $180^{\circ}$.

Frequently Asked Questions on Angles in a Quadrilateral

No, all angles of a quadrilateral cannot be acute angles. Acute angles are the angles less than $90^{\circ}$. If all the angles in a quadrilateral be less than $90^{\circ}$, the sum of interior angles will never be $360^{\circ}$. All angles of quadrilateral can be $90^{\circ}$, which will form a rectangle (or a square) but not less than $90^{\circ}$.

Triangles are polygons with three sides. Quadrilaterals are polygons with four sides. A quadrilateral is defined as a two-dimensional shape with four sides, four vertices, and four angles. Therefore, even though a triangle is a polygon, it is not a quadrilateral.

Two angles of a quadrilateral having a common arm are called adjacent angles.

The opposite angles do not share a common arm. They lie diagonally opposite to each other.

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (28)
Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts (2024)

FAQs

Angles in a Quadrilateral: Formula, Properties, Examples, Facts? ›

The sum of the interior angles of a polygon can be calculated with the formula: S = (n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides of the given polygon. For example, let us take a quadrilateral and apply the formula using n = 4, we get: S = (n − 2) × 180°, S = (4 − 2) × 180° = 2 × 180° = 360°.

What is the formula for the angles of a quadrilateral? ›

∠D + ∠A + ∠C + ∠B = 360°. Or, the sum of angles of a quadrilateral is 360°. This is the angle sum property of quadrilaterals.

What are the properties and angles of a quadrilateral? ›

A quadrilateral is a closed shape and a type of polygon that has four sides, four vertices and four angles. It is formed by joining four non-collinear points. The sum of interior angles of quadrilaterals is always equal to 360 degrees.

What is the answer to the angles of a quadrilateral? ›

Quadrilaterals are composed of two triangles. Seeing as we know the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180°, it follows that the sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is 360°.

What are the 7 types of quadrilaterals? ›

A quadrilateral is a two-dimensional shape with four sides. There are seven different types of quadrilaterals: parallelogram, rhombus, kite, rectangle, trapezoid, square, and isosceles trapezoid. Each type has different properties that they require in addition to having four sides.

What is the formula for a quadrilateral? ›

Hence, the formula to find the area of the quadrilateral is derived as: Area of General Quadrilateral Formula = 1/2 x diagonals length x ( sum of the height of two triangles ).

What are the rules for angles in a quadrilateral? ›

The quadrilateral is a parallelogram. Opposite angles are equal. Angles in a quadrilateral add up to 360° and opposite angles are equal.

How to solve quadrilateral problems? ›

What are the simple methods for problems involving quadrilaterals?
  1. By dividing into two triangles.
  2. By using sides.
  3. By using Heron's formula.
  4. If the quadrilateral is one of the fundamental types, then the direct area formula for that quadrilateral can be applied.

What is an example of a quadrilateral angle? ›

The angles that lie inside a quadrilateral are called its interior angles. The sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is 360°. This helps in calculating the unknown angles of a quadrilateral. In case if the quadrilateral is a square or a rectangle, then we know that all its interior angles are 90° each.

What type of quadrilateral is ABCD? ›

ABCD is a parallelogram.

What does it mean when an angle is adjacent? ›

Adjacent angles are two angles that are side by side and share a common vertex and a common side. They are often formed by intersecting lines or line segments. Since an angle is formed when two rays meet at a common endpoint, adjacent angles are simply two angles that are directly next to each other.

What is a crooked rectangle called? ›

A rhomboid can be thought of like a rectangle with slanted sides. Since they consist of two pairs of parallel lines, they are classified as parallelograms.

How do you find the 4 angles of a quadrilateral? ›

For example, if 3 angles of a quadrilateral are given as 67°, 87°, and 89°, we can find the 4th angle using the sum of the interior angles. First, we will add the given angles, 67° + 87° + 89° = 243°. Now, we will subtract this sum from 360°, that is, 360° - 243° = 117°. Therefore, the 4th interior angle is 117°.

Do the angles of a quadrilateral add up to 180? ›

The sum of the interior angles of any quadrilateral is 360 360°.

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